The two main male specific cancers are testicular and prostate cancer and this section will discuss both briefly. However, if you are concerned about either of these cancers you should consult your doctor or research information on a cancer specific website or call one of the many cancer based helplines.
Testicular cancer is a cancer which can affect all men and is most commonly found in the 15-35 years age range. If left untreated testicular cancer can be life threatening, therefore it is important to perform regular self examinations.
Why it is important to check your testicles?
It is important to regularly examine your testicles so that you are aware of what is normal for you and therefore, if there is a change you will become aware of it. Generally, cancers which are discovered early can be diagnosed and treated with greater success rates.
How often should you check your testicles?
Once a month is a good routine for checking your testicles, a good time to do this is after a warm bath or shower, when the scrotal skin is relaxed.
How to perform a testicular self examine
If you have never performed a testicular self examination, it is important to know that you must perform all parts of the examination gently, as otherwise you will cause yourself pain and/or discomfort!
The video below shows you visually how to perform a testicular self examine and is taken from The Family GP website and features Dr. Chris Steele.
Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men and the chances of developing it increase as you get older. Most cases of prostate cancer develop in men aged 65 or older.
Symptoms can be as follows:
It should be stressed that having the above symptoms does not mean you have prostate cancer. Many men's prostates get larger as they get older due to a non-cancerous (benign) condition known as benign prostatic hyperplasia.